Latin

The HLN sequence for Latin starting in third grade is as follows. 2020-2021 offerings are listed in gold. 

  • Prima Latina
  • Latina Christiana
  • First Form Latin (Fifth grade and up begins here)*
  • Second Form Latin
  • Third Form Latin
  • Fourth Form Latin/Henle I (for translation work)
  • Henle II, Caesar**
  • Henle III Cicero
  • AP Virgil
  • Additional Latin translation

Because Latin is a cumulative study, a student must show mastery of material before moving on to the next level. Director and teacher approval is also required. 

*For high school students, one year of the high school foreign language requirement is satisfied by each of these First Form and beyond.

**Advanced Latin courses are available through the Memoria Press Online Academy.

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Latina Christiana

This course is a basic introduction to Latin for 4th & 5th grade students. It is a simple, step-by-step Latin program that will give your student a solid grounding in fundamental Latin vocabulary and grammar through repetition and review. This course is the perfect introduction to Latin and the ideal preparation for and introduction to the First Form Latin series. Daily work is expected.  To see what is studied in LC, scroll to the bottom of the page. (Grades 4-5)

  • Latina Christiana Materials: Basic Set, plus flashcards.
  • Ludere Latine Set
  • Review Worksheets Set
  • For links to complete class materials, see our Book List.

First, Second, Third, & Fourth Form Latin

These Latin programs (taken in sequence) cover the Latin grammar comprehensively, instilling mastery that will make your student a successful Latin scholar. The Forms Latin series is based on the method of Latin that was used with elementary grades in the old classical curriculum which provided the foundation of language arts in schools until the beginning of the 20th century, when many schools abandoned Latin. The entire Latin grammar is studied and mastered through the four Forms courses. After Fourth Form, your student will move into more sophisticated translation skills with Henle II/Caesar. To view what is taught in each Form, scroll to the bottom of the page. (Grades 5* and up)

Materials:

  • First Form Materials: Basic Set, plus flashcards
  • Second Form Materials: Basic Set, plus flashcards
  • Third Form Materials: Basic Set, plus flashcards
  • Fourth Form Materials: Basic Set with Henle I Set, plus flashcards
  • For links to complete class materials, see our Book List

For resources on the study of Latin, see Cheryl Lowe’s excellent article, “The Top 10 Reasons for Studying Latin.

Completely optional: Parents who would like to start studying Latin along with their students can purchase the instructional DVDs from Memoria Press to follow along at home. Latin study is cumulative, so parents new to Latin should begin with First Form. We also recommend you complete your own student workbook and assessments.

What is learned in each course?

Latina Christina:

  • 1st & 2nd declension nouns
  • 1st & 2nd conjugation verbs (in three tenses)
  • 1st & 2nd declension adjectives
  • Irregular verb to be (sum)
  • English derivatives, vocabulary, Latin sayings, songs, prayers

First Form:

  • Five noun declensions
  • 1st & 2nd declension adjectives
  • 1st & 2nd conjugation in 6 tenses (active voice)
  • Sum in 6 tenses
  • Syntax: nominative and accusative cases; complementary infinitive; subject-verb agreement; noun-adjective agreement; predicate nouns & adjectives
  • Vocabulary and Latin sayings

Second Form:

  • 2nd declension -er, -ir nouns and adjectives
  • 3rd declension i-stem nouns
  • 3rd declension adjectives of two terminations
  • 1st & 2nd person pronouns and possessive pronoun adjectives
  • Prepositions with ablative and accusative
  • Adverbs and questions
  • 3rd, 3rd -io, and 4th conjugations in 6 tenses (active voice)
  • Present system passive of 1st – 4th conjugations and -io verbs
  • Syntax: genitive of possession; dative of indirect object; ablative of means and agent
  • Vocabulary and Latin sayings

Third Form:

  • Perfect system passive of 1st – 4th conjugations and -io verbs
  • 4th declension neuter nouns
  • 3rd declension adjectives of one and three terminations
  • Imperative mood, vocative case
  • Nine irregular adjectives
  • Regular and irregular comparison of adjectives and adverbs
  • Pronouns: 3rd person, demonstrative, intensive, reflexive
  • Active and passive subjective of 1st – 4th conjugations and -io verbs
  • Syntax: apposition; adjectives used as nouns; objective and partitive genitive; subjective in purpose clauses; exhortations; deliberative questions
  • Vocabulary and Latin sayings

Fourth Form:

  • Participles, infinitives, gerunds, and gerundives
  • Deponent verbs
  • Irregular verbs, including eo, fero, and volo
  • Plural nouns
  • Locative case
  • Pronouns: relative and interrogative
  • Syntax: double accusative; relative clauses; sequence of tenses and indirect questions; impersonal verbs; indirect statements (accusative with infinitive construction); gerundive of obligation
  • Vocabulary and Latin sayings